Mental shift

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Posts Tagged ‘Orissas Violence’

Exorcising India’s demons

Posted by jytmkh on September 14, 2008

Like in many parts of the world, India falls victim to its tiny but vocal and violent minority of fanatics who have no qualms about disrupting the lives of the majority by claiming the moral high ground


For all of India’s economic development, it still has a long way to go to rise above the cultural, social and ethnic divisions that are so vehemently fanned and inflamed by its home-grown fundamentalists and politicians.

When India markets itself on the global stage, it touts its long history and heritage, ancient civilisation and vast melting pot of cultures, castes and creeds.

It also presents its vast population as a source of brainpower and a major driver of economic growth.

But in recent weeks, India’s fundamentalist Hindu groups have been put on the defensive as the country has confronted the reality of its social and communal demons.

It was Hindu against Christians in the Orissa state, Hindus against Muslims in Kashmir, and Hindus against Hindus in Maharashtra.

Websites and chatrooms buzzed with religion-bashing hate mail, proving that in spite of globalisation and economic progress, large segments of the population remain stuck in a feudal mindset.

This time, however, it was the Christian groups who decided that enough was enough and that it was time to get the moderate Hindus to confront their own fanatic groups such as the RSS, the Bajrang Dal and the Vishwa Hindu Parishad.

Encouraged by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s description of the anti-Christian rampage in Orissa as a national shame, they minced no words in unleashing a counter-attack, winning support from the millions of the country’s moderate Hindus who see their own fanatics as being no different from the Muslim extremists more commonly associated with violence and terrorism.

In media interviews and on nationwide talk shows, Christian bishops reminded the people of India that Hindu fanatics were responsible for the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, the rampage against the Sikhs following the assassination of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by one of her own Sikh bodyguards, and the massacres of Muslims in Gujarat, for which the chief minister himself is suspected of culpability.

For the first time, the bishops used the T-word, accusing the Hindu fanatics of spreading terror and terrorising the Christians.

Referring to well-publicised remarks in 2002 by the chief minister of Gujarat state in which he had called the anti-Muslim rampage a ”laboratory experiment” that could be expanded nationwide, one of the bishops said, ”If Gujarat was the laboratory, then Orissa is the factory.”

Rajiv Bajaj, host of the RKB Show, one of the most popular talk shows on the Indian cable TV channel Sahara Samay Mumbai, noted that Christians have built schools and hospitals throughout India, often in remote parts of the country where even the government has no money.

He also pointed out that most of India’s educated elite have graduated from Christian-established schools and colleges.

”So what have they done to deserve this?” he asked. ”Are we living by mob rule or the rule of law?”

Mr Bajaj said that the violence was triggered allegedly in response to the killing of a Hindu Swami by a group of people, about four of whom happened to be Christians.

Be that as it may, he said, ”Why take it out on the entire community rather than allow the rule of law to take its course only against those individuals?”

Representatives of Christian groups who appeared on his talk show noted that the government’s inability, or reluctance _ or both _ to act was part of the problem.

One bishop said a group of Christians had told him that the police had simply told them to flee, which was the only way the police apparently could help save them.

When the rampage began, the state’s chief minister came under fire for not allowing human rights and relief workers into the area, but an Indian politician known to be at the forefront of the Hindu fundamentalist movement was granted entry, the bishop claimed.

Mr Bajaj also probed the deeper insecurities that prompt these kinds of emotional, irrational reactions.

”I am a Hindu myself,” he said. ”Hinduism is a strong, ancient, rich tradition. Are we so insecure about our identity and heritage that it should lead to this kind of mindlessness? First, the Sikhs, then the Muslims, now the Christians. Where does it end?”

Seeking to downplay the impact of Christian missionaries targetting vulnerable low-caste groups in India for conversions, one bishop noted that in spite of Christianity’s nationwide presence, the ratio of Christian population has remained steady over the years, at about 2.3% to 2.5 %.

Reaction to the live talk show was also a mixed bag.

Mr Bajaj said while many of his viewers were sending messages of support, he was receiving a lot of hate mail too.

At the time of writing, another controversy was raging in Maharashtra, where members of India’s most famous acting family, the Bachchans, were being taken to task by the state’s Hindu fundamentalist political party over allegedly insensitive references to the use of the state language, Marathi, as opposed to the national language, Hindi.

It was a trivial issue, but the mobs were at it again, this time threatening to burn down theatres showing films featuring members of the Bachchan family.

As in in many parts of the world, India falls victim to its tiny but vocal and violent minority of fanatics who have no qualms about disrupting the lives of the majority and claiming the moral high ground.

The central message emerging, however, is for the otherwise silent majority of middle-roaders to take up the cause.

The Christians have clearly indicated that they are not going to take it any more.

Other minorities also need to rise to the occasion, in India and worldwide.

Globalisation, fanaticism and fundamentalism do not mix, regardless of caste, colour or creed. (Bankok Post)


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Attacks on Christians tarnished Orissa, says CM Patnaik

Posted by jytmkh on September 2, 2008

Ravik Bhattacharya

Bhubaneswar, September 2:: Orissa Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik says recurring communal violence has tarnished the image of his state, and bred insecurity in its Christian population.

In an interview to The Indian Express, Patnaik deplored the ‘savage acts’ carried out in the name of religion.

A total of 558 homes and 17 churches have been set on fire since the murder of Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) leader Swami Laxmanananda Saraswati on August 23, state Chief Secretary Ajit Kumar Tripathy said on Monday. At least 16 people are believed to have been killed in rioting.

“The attack on the ashram, as well as what happed thereafter, I repeat what happened after that, both are deplorable. Those who indulged in these savage acts, and I mean both in the ashram and after that in the district, stern action will be certainly taken against them,” Patnaik said.

Asked if communal violence was tarnishing Orissa’s reputation and encouraging afeeling that the state was intolerant towards Christians, he said, “Yes, it is. There has been a sense of insecurity among the Christians after the recent incidents. There has been recurrence of violence and tragedies. We will try our best to remove all such violence and tragedies or any disharmony among sections of people.”

“Last December there was violence in Kandhamal district; the administration brought in under control. Now again there has been violence after the killings of the Swami and his followers. The killing at the ashram was tragic as was the violence that followed. I saw the damaged houses, schools and I also visited the ashram.”

The Chief Minister, however, ruled out a CBI probe into Laxmanananda’s murder as proposed recently by

Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil. No one knows for sure who killed the swami, though the Maoists have claimed responsibility.

“I do not think that a CBI probe in necessary. After the incidents, a judicial enquiry has been initiated, our crime branch and police are also investigating into it. Some persons have been detained and soon the truth will come out. I am sure they are working hard to nab the culprits,” Patnaik said.

The state could, however, ‘certainly do with more Central forces’, Patnaik said. “I have been speaking regularly with Home Minister Patil. I expect 10 companies to reach here today.”

He denied the Biju Janata Dal’s alliance with the BJP was hampering his peace initiatives in Kandhamal. “There is no interference of any kind. I don’t think the secular credentials of this government can be doubted. They (the BJP) are not pressurising us in any way.”

Is it true that Christian missionaries have been on an aggressive evangelical mission in Kandhamal, as the VHP claims?

“They (the missionaries) have been there for decades. NGOs and missionaries are there in certain belts of Orissa. We will leave it at that. There are laws regarding conversions and every person in any country should follow the law of the land.”

Patnaik highlighted efforts made by the state government to return normalcy to affected areas. “I was in the district. Relief has reached there in the way of food and other items. Senior secretaries of the departments which are providing relief will soon visit the district. Very shortly assessment of the losses will be made. Funds are being made available. Security forces are there in Kandhamal and Koraput districts. Touch wood, now the situation is under control.” (Indian Express)

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